Horaman historical regions

Whers is Horaman?

Horaman or Oraman is the name of historical regions with a stepped texture and very special customs that include parts of Sarvabad, Sanandaj and Kamyaran cities in Kurdistan province and Ravansar, Paveh, Javanroud and salas Babajani cities in Kermanshah province. The main part of the cultural landscape of Horaman / Oramanat includes the valleys of Zaveh Rud, Oraman Takht and Lahun.


There are about 700 villages in the Oramanat / Horaman area. In 1399, a field assessment of the Oramanat / Horaman cultural landscape was conducted by a global ICOMOS evaluator. Horaman / Oramanat region is a cultural region in the west of the country between the two provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah, which has soaring mountains and roaring rivers.The presence of these natural factors has shaped the valleys where the inhabitants of Horaman / Oramanat have lived in interaction with nature for thousands of years, and this interaction can be found in stepped gardens, stepped architecture, temporal alleys, festivals and rituals, and handicrafts.

Historical background

Horaman region has a historical antiquity with ancient cultural backgrounds, customs and special cultural symbols, each of which illuminates the corners of the rich and prolific culture of this region. The history of settlement in this region dates back to prehistoric times, when the discovery of Horaman deeds confirms the existence of Assyrian, Median, Achaemenid and Greek governance.
The oldest artifacts of human habitation have been found in archaeological excavations around the Hajij village and belong to the Paleolithic period, which according to archaeologists is more than 40,000 years old to about 12,000 years old.the stepped architecture of Oraman Takht and its spectacular houses have shaped the village into a pyramid, with the ancient castles at the top of the pyramid.

UNESCO world heritage site

The 44th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee (UNESCO) began on July 25 (July 16) in Fuji, China, after a one-year hiatus due to the corona pandemy worldwide.
This round of the conference, which is held online due to corona health conditions and guidelines and is attended only by members of the International Committee of the Red Cross in Fuji, China, many places and tourist attractions of the world has been introduced as World Heritage.
Before to the 44th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, 22 cultural-historical monument and 2 natural monuments of Iran as tangible cultural monuments and 16 valuable Iranian monuments and elements as intangible cultural monuments were registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Iran National Railway as the first industrial heritage of our country and the cultural landscape of Oramanat / Horaman were included in this list as the twenty-fifth and twenty-sixth tangible cultural heritage, respectively.

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