In vitro fertilization
In vitro fertilization
IVF or In vitro fertilization is a series of complex procedures used to help with achieving a pregnancy which can be prevented by genetic problems.
During this procedure mature eggs are collected from the ovaries and fertilized using the sperm in a highly sanitized lab. Then the fertilized egg which is also called an embryo is transferred into the uterus. A cycle of IVF takes about 3 weeks but in some cases it can take longer. IVF is also reported to be the most effective method.
There are many reasons as to go for this procedure ,
Fallopian tube damage or blockage: Fallopian tube damage or blockage makes it difficult for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to travel to the uterus.
Ovulation disorders: If ovulation is infrequent or absent, fewer eggs are available for fertilization.
Endometriosis: Endometriosis occurs when the uterine tissue implants and grows outside of the uterus — often affecting the function of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes.
Uterine fibroids: Fibroids are benign tumors in the wall of the uterus and are common in women in their 30s and 40s. Fibroids can interfere with implantation of the fertilized egg.
Previous tubal sterilization or removal: If you’ve had tubal ligation — a type of sterilization in which your fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy — and want to conceive, IVF may be an alternative to tubal ligation reversal.
Impaired sperm production or function: Below-average sperm concentration, weak movement of sperm (poor mobility), or abnormalities in sperm size and shape can make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg. If semen abnormalities are found, your partner might need to see a specialist to determine if there are correctable problems or underlying health concerns.
Unexplained infertility: Unexplained infertility means no cause of infertility has been found despite evaluation for common causes.
A genetic disorder: If you or your partner is at risk of passing on a genetic disorder to your child, you may be candidates for preimplantation genetic testing — a procedure that involves IVF. After the eggs are harvested and fertilized, they’re screened for certain genetic problems, although not all genetic problems can be found. Embryos that don’t contain identified problems can be transferred to the uterus.
Fertility preservation for cancer or other health conditions: If you’re about to start cancer treatment — such as radiation or chemotherapy — that could harm your fertility, IVF for fertility preservation may be an option. Women can have eggs harvested from their ovaries and frozen in an unfertilized state for later use. Or the eggs can be fertilized and frozen as embryos for future use.
Women who don’t have a functional uterus or for whom pregnancy poses a serious health risk might choose IVF using another person to carry the pregnancy (gestational carrier). In this case, the woman’s eggs are fertilized with sperm, but the resulting embryos are placed in the gestational carrier’s uterus.
As with any medical procedure IVF also has it’s owns risks but limited to:
Multiple births: IVF increases the risk of multiple births if more than one embryo is transferred to your uterus. A pregnancy with multiple fetuses carries a higher risk of early labor and low birth weight than pregnancy with a single fetus does.
Premature delivery and low birth weight: Research suggests that IVF slightly increases the risk that the baby will be born early or with a low birth weight.
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: Use of injectable fertility drugs, such as human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), to induce ovulation can cause ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, in which your ovaries become swollen and painful.
Symptoms typically last a week and include mild abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. If you become pregnant, however, your symptoms might last several weeks. Rarely, it’s possible to develop a more severe form of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome that can also cause rapid weight gain and shortness of breath.
Miscarriage: The rate of miscarriage for women who conceive using IVF with fresh embryos is similar to that of women who conceive naturally — about 15% to 25% — but the rate increases with maternal age.
development of a specific type of ovarian tumor, more-recent studies do not support these findings. There does not appear to be a significantly increased risk of breast, endometrial, cervical or ovarian cancer after IVF.
There are many more risks so if you are interested in getting this procedure make sure to consult with your doctor first understand all risks and then only should you opt for this procedure.
How to prepare
How to prepare
1.Ovarian reserve testing
3.Infectious disease screening
4.Practice (mock) embryo transfer
Each IVF round is said to last about 3 weeks however some cycles may last longer it differs on a case-to-case basis. There are also some typical side effects that you should not worry about:
Passing a small amount of clear or bloody fluid shortly after the procedure — due to the swabbing of the cervix before the embryo transfer
Breast tenderness due to high estrogen levels
The Persian Lotus Company has partnered up with the Ibn sina hospital of Tehran to provide you this life altering procedure in Iran with the most affordable rate and maximum comfort.