Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure which is done to restore the function of a joint such as a shoulder, knee or hip joint.
There may be various reasons for someone to opt for this surgery one being various types of arthritis that may affect the joints, Osteoarthritis, or degenerative joint disease, is a loss of the cartilage or cushion in a joint, and is the most common reason for arthroplasty.
What are the risks of this surgery?
• Blood clots in the legs or lungs
• Loosening of prosthetic parts
How do you prepare for this surgery?
• Your healthcare provider will explain the procedure to you and offer you the chance to ask any questions that you might have about the procedure.
• You will be asked to sign a consent form that gives your permission to do the procedure. Read the form carefully and ask questions if something is not clear.
• In addition to a complete medical history, your healthcare provider may perform a complete physical exam to ensure you are in good health before undergoing the procedure. You may undergo blood tests or other diagnostic tests.
• Tell your healthcare provider if you are sensitive to or are allergic to any medicines, latex, tape, and anesthetic agents (local and general).
• Tell your healthcare provider of all medicines (prescribed and over-the-counter) and herbal supplements that you are taking.
• Tell your healthcare provider if you have a history of bleeding disorders or if you are taking any anticoagulant (blood-thinning) medicines, aspirin, or other medicines that affect blood clotting. It may be necessary for you to stop these medicines before the procedure.
• If you are pregnant or suspect that you are pregnant, you should notify your healthcare provider.
• You will be asked to fast for 8 hours before the procedure, generally after midnight.
• You may receive a sedative before the procedure to help you relax.
• You may meet with a physical therapist prior to your surgery to discuss rehabilitation.
• Arrange for someone to help around the house for a week or two after you are discharged from the hospital.
• Based on your medical condition, your healthcare provider may request other specific preparation.
• You will be asked to remove clothing and will be given a gown to wear.
• An intravenous (IV) line may be started in your arm or hand.
• You will be positioned on the operating table in a manner that provides the best access to the joint being operated on.
• A urinary catheter may be inserted.
• If there is excessive hair at the surgical site, it may be shaved off.
• The anesthesiologist will continuously monitor your heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, and blood oxygen level during the surgery.
• The skin over the surgical site will be cleansed with an antiseptic solution.
• The healthcare provider will make an incision in the area of the joint.
• The healthcare provider will repair or remove the damaged parts of the joint.
• The incision will be closed with stitches or surgical staples.
• A sterile bandage or dressing will be applied.
Once your stay at the hospital will be over you will be sent home, however it is going to be some time before you go back to you regular life for one you need to keep in mind that if you ever feel the following symptoms notify your doctor
• Fever or chills
• Redness, swelling, bleeding, or other drainage from the incision site
• Increased pain around the incision site
• Numbness and/or tingling of the affected extremity
And even after that you will need to simply be patient before you can go back to regular life, it is suggested that you have someone around for the first few weeks because you just may need help.
The rectory time
Recovery time depends on which joint you have had the surgery done on, and often changes from case-to-case basis however 12-18 weeks is good scale.