Chiari Malformation is a condition where quite simply put the size of the skill is bent unfavorably to the size of your brain, its symptoms are mostly noticeable in late childhood and early adulthood as your starts taking its final shape its either abnormally small or misshaped which leads a part of your brain to slip into your spinal cord. It goes mostly unnoticed and is almost always found when tests are being done for something entirely else, it is because the symptoms caused by it can explained away for so many other things and the very rarity of it being diagnosed of it that the procedure is considered one of the rare ones. Chiari malformation is divided into two different parts:
- Neck pain
- Unsteady gait
- Poor hand coordination
- Numbness and tingling of the hands and feet
- Difficulty swallowing sometimes accompanied by gagging chocking or vomiting
- Speech problems such as hoarseness
These are the most common ones but some may also experience:
- Ringing or buzzing in the ear tinnitus
- Slow heart rhythm
- Curvature of spine related to spinal cord impairment
- Abnormal breathing such as central sleep apnea which is when a person stops breathing during sleep
The signs and symptoms can include those related to a form of spina bifida called myelomeningocele that nearly always accompanies Chiari malformation type II. In myelomeningocele, the backbone and the spinal canal haven’t closed properly before birth. Type two can also be part of spina bifida called myelomeningocele that nearly always accompanies Chiari malformation. It is most commonly noted during pregnancy and noted during an ultra sound. It can cause changes in breathing pattern, Swallowing problems, Quick downward eye movements and Weakness in arms.
This type of Chiari malformation has a higher mortality rate and may also cause neurological problems. The most severe type of Chiari malformation is type 3, in this type a portion of y our lower back of the brain or cerebellum extends through an abnormal opening in the back of the skull, this form is diagnosed at birth or with an ultrasound during pregnancy.